Croatia is one of our newest destinations, and we’ve been busy compiling some fantastic accommodation options for you in this wonderful country. Once described by Lord Byron as the “pearl of the Adriatic”, here are some of our favourite facts about Croatia.
Islands and Greenery
If the mainland isn’t enough for you, Croatia has 1,246 islands, isles and inlets which are just waiting for you to explore. Croatia is a perfect place to go if you love spending time hiking outdoors; almost 10% of the landscape is covered by eleven nature parks, eight national parks and two nature reserves.
World’s Smallest Town
Croatia is the home of the world’s smallest town, with only 21 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. Located on the western side of Croatia, the town of Hum is enclosed by walls — with some houses built into them. It was first recorded in 1102, as ‘Cholm’ — a derivation of the Italian name Colmo.
Croatia has the highest number of UNESCO Intangible Goods of any European country (although currently tied with Spain). Alongside World Heritage Sites, UNESCO compiles a list of ‘intangible’ traditions — anything from frats to cuisine to music and festivals. Some of Croatia’s finest lacemaking, gingerbread baking and toy carving made the list.
Home of the Dalmatian
Croatia’s waterfront is known as the Dalmatian Coast, and inspired the name of the breed possibly best known for the 101 Dalmatians books and subsequent movies. The region has been known as Dalmatia since imperial Roman times. The breed’s origins have been officially recognised as Croatian, based on illustrations dating back to the 17th Century.
In 1899 in Kraprina, professor Dragutin Gorjanovic Kramberger discovered the remains of nearly 70 neanderthals — one of the largest discoveries ever made. There’s now a museum dedicated to the discovery, and the lives of neanderthal families.
Croatia has an unknown number of dialects, although three main ones; Chakavian, Shtokavian and Torlakian dialect. The regional differences in language can sometimes make it difficult for Croatians to understand one another — with differences in tenses, pronouns, grammar and even word sounds or stresses.
Longest Walls in Europe
The village of Ston boasts the longest fortification walls in Europe, with the inner wall measuring 890 metres and the ‘Great Wall’ outside of the town stretching 5.5 kilometres. Historically, the town was a major fort during the Ragusan Republic, with the walls helping to keep the townspeople safe from potential attackers. The walls extend as far as ‘Little Ston’ — a smaller town on its northern side.
If you, like us, can’t wait to explore everything this beautiful country has to offer — you can view our Croatian holiday accommodation here.